Rosciola is a Central Italy cultivar.


Rounded and quite small, Rosciola can adapt to stony and sunny soils, and is one of the earliest cultivars to ripe. Fruits can be harvested starting from the end of October. This cultivar is typical of Central Italy, native to Lazio, where it is mainly grown in the province of Rome, on the Monti Prenestini, in the municipalities of Affile, Bellegra, Genazzano, Gerano, Olevano Romano, Roiate, San Vito Romano, Cave, Palestrina, Zagarolo, San Cesareo and Gallicano, in the Province of Rieti and in other regions as well. In Olevano Romano (municipality in the Province of Rome), the association of Olevano olive growers was established, ASSOLIVOL, which is responsible of the renovation of Rosciola olive groves and which created a brand for the oil produced with this ancient cultivar.
It has a late starting age of fructification. It blooms form mid-season. It is distinguished by high and constant productivity. Pollinator varieties for Rosciola are Leccino, Moraiolo, Canino, Rajo and Olivastrone; in turn, it successfully pollinates Pendolino e Frantoio. Drupes have a pruinose exocarp with many, big lenticels; maximum diameter is central, apex is rounded and base is rounded; peduncular cavity is large, deep and rounded.


Productivity is high and constant. Harvest is mainly carried out by picking by hands or with olive rakes. Drupes have a scarce resistance to detachment. Its oil is usually sweet, slightly fruity, with apple hints and of a fair colour.