MORAIOLO – OIL VARIETY
Variety native to Tuscany and spread among the rest of the peninsula, although primarily in Central Italy.
Quite rustic plant, not demanding; although it prefers hills, it can adapt to other soils. It is not very vigorous, foliage is not very voluminous and quite dense. Fruit-bearing branches are short and warped. It sometimes finds it difficult to heal after pruning. It can stand draught and wind quite well, but it is sensitive to stagnations. Pollinator varieties for this tree are Pendolino, Morchiaio, Frantoio, Maurino, Maremmano, Mignolo, Rosino, Americano, Lazzero and Razzaio.
Flowering takes place in intermediate periods and it produces a lot of pollen. Its olive-blossoms are small and have a medium number of medium-sized flowers. Abortion of the ovary rate is 25% maximum. Drupes veraison is early and gradual; drupes often grow in bunches and they are initially quite resistant to detachment (this resistance diminishes a bit with time).
It has a high and constant productivity, a good oil content (18-20%); the latter is a high-quality oil (rich in polyphenols) and popular for its fruity scent with bitter and spicy hints.